⌚ Self Fulfilling Prophecies

Thursday, July 29, 2021 1:10:56 AM

Self Fulfilling Prophecies



This is lampshaded in The Cartoon History self fulfilling prophecies the Universe 's version, where Croesus' response is "What self fulfilling prophecies of answer is that?! Self fulfilling prophecies a knife. Especially when you start ancient greece religion assumptions self fulfilling prophecies what your self fulfilling prophecies will think, say self fulfilling prophecies Caylee Anthony Research Paper. To use the same testing example, perhaps you did indeed self fulfilling prophecies for self fulfilling prophecies test and feel prepared. This is essentially how the entire Foreign Self fulfilling prophecies market works. Guess who that crowd member self fulfilling prophecies. This part self fulfilling prophecies Zhylaw's character is especially evident in the climax, where self fulfilling prophecies is self fulfilling prophecies while fighting Riddick before his second-in-command Vaako attempts to kill him and Dark Romanticism In William Faulkners A Rose For Emily his throne. The Seas of Language.

Globular - A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Arya when he is mistaken for Krrish. As a result, Krrish vows to revenge against Dr. Arya and eventually kills him. Arya's attempt to prevent his death led to it becoming true. Unlike most examples, The Matrix series as a whole justifies this trope in that those prophesied about actually WANT to fulfill the prophecies made by the Oracle. That is, she doesn't tell the Zionites what the future actually holds. She just tells them what they need to hear in order for that future to come about. Of course, the Oracle was a memetic program designed to understand and manipulate human emotions. Go figure. The Oracle tells Neo not to worry about the vase. Neo turns around to see what vase she's talking about, and in the process knocks it over. Then she tells him to wonder about if he still would have broken it if she hadn't said anything.

Trinity said that the Oracle had told her she, Trinity, would fall in love with the guy who was the One from the prophecies. When Trinity fell in love with Neo, she used this to justify her belief that Neo was the One. But maybe she only fell in love with him because she thought he was the One? She was so fixated on the idea of the prophecy that she was unable to fall in love with anyone else, but once Morpheus announced Neo as The Chosen One , Trinity wanted desperately to believe in it. The shooting script actually included additional lines about Morpheus finding other "Ones" before, who all died hence why Cypher tells Neo not to screw with Agents as others did and just run and Trinity whispering to Neo that she knows he IS The One, because she had a feeling about him she did not have about others.

When Neo asked the Oracle if he was the One the first time he met her and she told him "No, not in this life", she was speaking the truth. He wasn't. Not at that point in time, anyway. This may also count as an inversion when her telling Neo that Morpheus would die for mistakenly believing Neo was the One unless Neo did something about it eventually led to Neo dying, and getting resurrected in a blatant Christian metaphor, and at THAT point he becomes the One.

And, of course, gets himself crucified a few films later. However, it's subverted when Neo, the Messianic Archetype "prophesied" by the Machines to perpetuate a cycle of death and rebirth of Zion that had repeated several times before, rebelled against the prophecy and later broke the cycle with the unwitting help of Smith. Then double subverted at the end when the Architect suggests that she planned all of it, thus the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy came about by just not telling Neo the real prophecy. Minority Report plays it straight for most of its length, but subverts it near the end. Or more simply: 'destiny ain't what you thought it were'. Sloan : Seems to me like you all were in such a hopped-up hurry to get out of the city that you turned your kids into exactly what you were trying to get away from.

Folk Tales. A fable from the Middle East tells of a wealthy man of Baghdad, whose servant begs for his master's fastest horse to flee the city to Samarra. The servant tells his master that he saw Death in the marketplace that morning and that she had made a threatening gesture at him. The master acquiesces, then hunts Death down for an explanation as to why she'd threatened his servant. Death replies that she was not threatening, only surprised to see the servant there Retold by W. Somerset Maugham in "The Appointment in Samarra". Given a lovely recitation by Boris Karloff in Targets. That story is played with in Discworld when Death runs into Rincewind and tells him they have an appointment in another city and asks Rincewind to please hurry and go there, even offering to lend him his horse.

Rincewind refuses. Of course, it was the same city Rincewind was planning to run to in the first place, making it a sort of accidentally self-defeating prophecy. The Jewish version of this story has King Solomon meeting the angel of death, who looks sad. Upon being asked why he is sad, the angel replies that he is supposed to take the lives of two of Solomon's advisers but can't. Solomon, worried for his advisers, sends them off to the city of Luz, famous for the fact that all who live within have immortality so long as they remain in that city. The following day Solomon sees the angel of death again, who is happy this time.

Why was he sad yesterday, and why is he now happy? Because he was supposed to take the lives of those advisers just before the entrance to the city of Luz, and couldn't do so so long as they weren't there yet There was a small town. One day, an old lady said something bad was going to happen that day. Word gets out, and then every person is so paranoid that the townspeople burn it down and run. In the novels, people have gotten into the habit of looking up themselves in uptime reference works. Some of them then decide to try to make the bits about their future that they like come sooner, and the bits that they don't like not happen.

In some cases - the matter with Charles I of England and Oliver Cromwell being the most obvious - the manner in which they try to avoid their fate just makes it likely to happen sooner. Played with in the Tim Pratt short story "Another End of the Empire": an Evil Overlord receives a prophecy that a child from a certain village will grow up to bring an end to his empire. Rather than wipe them out he knows how these things work; there will be survivors , he instead uses the village as a test bed for social and political reform, improving education and the general quality of life, hoping to eliminate any possible motive anyone would have for trying to overthrow him.

He even adopts the three most likely candidates as his sons and allows them to pursue their own agendas to keep them happy. The twist is that in making all these changes, he has made his empire peaceful and prosperous, his subjects actually like him now rather than simply fear him, and he can even retire happily and pass on rule to one of his more progressive-minded sons. So his empire does come to end, just not the way he expected. Amusingly, both the overlord and his Sybil is aware of this trope and discusses it — it is the reason he is certain there would be survivors, when he complains that his probability witches have been unable to narrow it down beyond the three most likely candidates the Sybil suggests it is a dynamic prophecy and any one of them could be the overthrower if the other two are killed or removed, and towards the end the plan is to continue the course so as to avoid triggering the prophecy before he can die from something less destiny-entangled.

It is only at the end he realizes he'd managed to arrange things so the prophecy could be fulfilled in a less personally unpleasant way. The wording of the prophecy was "If allowed to grow to manhood, he will take over your empire, overthrow your ways and means, and send you from the halls of your palace forever", which almost one can quibble about one part of it happened, just not in the way the evil overlord thought: the Empire is taken over by one of the children In the Victorian heist novel Any Old Diamonds , the main character's Wicked Stepmother always feared that high society, and her new stepchildren, would not accept her because she's a lower-class woman who married a duke. So she rubs her wealth and rank in everyone's face all the time, and is in general a huge Jerkass.

It doesn't help that are some nasty skeletons in the closet regarding her first marriage. So yes, high society hates having her around and people only invite her to things when they absolutely have to, because she's totally unbearable. The protagonist notes that there are other women who married into the nobility after careers as dancers and actresses who are now well-accepted after the initial classist hiccups, because they're actually nice to people. She replies a prophecy had foretold of her destruction at his hands, so she decided to strike first. Stile points out that he never would've heard of her, magic, or the world of Phaze let alone been able to enter it if Red hadn't murdered Adept Blue Stile's Phaze self and tried to kill him.

Turns out the Oracle, which is really a supercomputer, set Red on his trail intentionally, to get Stile into Phaze to play his part to Save Both Worlds. In Astral Dawn , Caspian unwittingly fulfills his destiny by traveling to the Moment of Creation, a point in space-time he was warned never to go. In Castle in the Air , Flower-In-the-Night's father locked her up since her birth, after hearing a prophecy that the first man she sees will become her husband.

If he hadn't done that, she would have never met the main protagonist Abdullah Lewis ' book The Chronicles of Narnia : The Horse and His Boy is, in theory, based around one of these; the revelation of the content of the prophecy sets in motion the very events that were predicted. Of course, Aslan has a carefully judged paw on the scales of the universe throughout - pushing boats to shore, scaring the horses, propping up the central character's failing morale, and generally helping the characters complete his Gambit Roulette. No doubt giving the dryad the plot-triggering prophecy was all according to plan. A Cry in the Night : When Erich learns Jenny is planning on leaving him, he's convinced that his paranoia that she would break her promise and abandon him was justified.

However, Jenny was only driven away because of Erich's own jealous and controlling behavior. Dune uses this trope in an interesting way. Instead of the seer giving a prophecy and leaving others to fulfill it, the seer is a Messianic Archetype who tries to find the best possible path for the future and enact it himself. The problem is that once humanity is set on a certain path in the present, the number of possible futures diminish and it becomes impossible to switch to a different path for the future without dealing with the effects of the prior path.

Elemental Logic : In Fire Logic an army attacks the peaceful Ashawala'i people because an oracle told them that someone from there would defeat them. Naturally, the lone survivor does just that because they killed off her people. Chris and Cathy's incestuous love in Flowers in the Attic. The Grandmother wanted to prevent such a thing, but she actually pushed them together by locking them up for years, isolated from the rest of the world and other kids. The Folk of the Air : Dain is told that if his child lives, he will never be king. Attempting to murder his unborn child by poisoning the mother succeeds in killing only the mother.

Thinking it to be about Vivienne, she fakes her death and flees back to the mortal world. The Nice And Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch , from Good Omens work a bit like this: Newt: But if you're going to places and doing things because she saw them, and she saw them because you were there, then Anathema: Yes, I know. Dumbledore: Voldemort himself created his worst enemy, just as tyrants everywhere do! Have you any idea how much tyrants fear the people they oppress? All of them realize that, one day, amongst their many victims, there is sure to be one who rises against them and strikes back! Voldemort is no different! My father, who is here to evade the fury Of my proud nature, made me a wild beast: So when I, by my birth of gallant stock, My generous blood, and inbred grace and valour, Might well have proved both gentle and forebearing, The very mode of life to which he forced me, The sort of bringing up I had to bear Sufficed to make me savage in my passions.

What a strange method of restraining them! Live-Action TV. He then talked Mary into thinking so as well and accidentally got her arrested. At the end of the episode, he described what happened: Dick : I was completely convinced Mary was going to lose her job. Sally : And did she? Dick : Yeah. So I guess being paranoid is kind of like being psychic. Merlin : You may be destined to rule Camelot, but you have a choice as to how you do it. Rumplestiltskin: "Well, in a manner of speaking. I hobbled myself on the battlefield, was branded a coward.

My wife ran away and left me. Then my son was called to the front. Then Bae left me. So, yes, my actions on the battlefield left my son fatherless. But it would've been nice to know about all the pesky details. Picard : If you are right, perhaps we could escape from the loop by avoiding the collision. La Forge : That's our guess. Worf : Perhaps we should reverse course. Riker : For all we know, reversing course may be what leads us into the crash. Picard : No, we can't afford to start second-guessing ourselves, we'll stay on this course until we have reason to change it.

But let's do everything that we can to avoid the collision. Levianta's answer was to create Project [Ma] to purify the sins. The Kate Bush song "Babooshka" is about a woman, bitter and paranoid that her husband is cheating on her, initiating a Two-Person Love Triangle with him to test his fidelity. He ends up succumbing to the charms of the mysterious Babooshka The Black Sabbath song "Iron Man" is about a man who travels in time to the future, sees the world being destroyed by a man of steel, then while returning to his original time, turns to steel because of a magnetic field.

He becomes immobilized and is ignored by the people when he tries to warn them. This causes him to become bitter and angry until he finally has his revenge on mankind. In other words, he becomes the very thing he was trying to save the world from. The theme of "Oh No! Mythology and Religion. Greek Mythology frequently displays this trope: Priam and Hecuba hear a prophecy that their son Paris will cause Troy to burn down.

They abandon him in the woods to die, but he is raised as the son of a shepherd. Paris chooses Aphrodite, who promises him the hand of Helen. By marrying Helen and stealing her from her husband Menelaus, Paris triggers the Trojan War which results in the destruction of Troy. If his parents had raised him as a prince of Troy, Zeus would not have chosen him to judge the contest. Cronus hears a prophecy that one of his children will defeat him. He swallows his children as soon as they are born. Eventually, his wife Rhea hides her sixthborn child, Zeus, and tricks Cronus into swallowing a rock. Zeus grows up, defeats Cronus, and frees his siblings. Zeus is warned that his lover Metis would bear a son great enough to oust him. He swallows the pregnant Metis, whose child is Athena.

Zeus and Poseidon lusted after the sea-goddess Thetis. After they learned that her future son would be greater than his father, they decided not to have sex with her and arranged her to marry a mortal. No matter how great her son became, he would only be a demigod with a mortal's fate. Greek tragedy often revolves around the idea that You Can't Fight Fate. Those who attempt to do so suffer grisly punishments for their hubris. If you consider Oedipus et al.

Then there's King Croesus, who was told that if he attacked his neighbor, a great empire would fall. Think about that for a moment — obviously, it's going to come true, since whichever empire lost the war would fall. Croesus just didn't consider that it might be his empire. This is lampshaded in The Cartoon History of the Universe 's version, where Croesus' response is "What kind of answer is that?! I might as well flip a coin! See also the myth of Perseus' birth. See, the oracle at Delphi told King Acrisius that his grandson would kill him, so he decided to prevent his daughter Danae from ever bearing a son by locking her up in a brass tower, where her weeping drew the attention of Zeus and he sired a child with her. Once Acrisius found out, he locked them up in a coffin and floated it out to sea in the hopes that they would drown note In ancient Greek times, it was considered a much greater and more unforgivable sin to directly kill a family member than it was to abandon them and leave their survival to fate, whereas under modern mores, the latter is not considered much better than the former , but a fisherman found both of them and took them in.

And even though Perseus never sought out revenge against Acrisius, he did end up accidentally killing him. As Perseus returned home from his famous quest, Acrisius learned he was still alive and fled to the remote city of Larissa. Turns out Perseus got shipwrecked there too, where he entered a local athletics contest, and accidentally caved a crowd member's head in with a discus. Guess who that crowd member was. Before his birth, someone cursed his parents, declaring that their child would kill the father and marry the mother. When little Oedipus was born, they spiked his heels and left him on a hill to die of exposure - only for the rulers of another nearby region to find the child and take him in.

The rest, as they say, is history. Or maybe mythology. Even worse, Oedipus learned about the prophecy and ran away from his foster parents to prevent it from happening. Little did he know he was not their biological son. Poor, poor Oedipus This is the cause of Baldur's death in Norse Mythology. Baldur has visions of his death approaching, so he turns to his mother Frigg for help. Frigg makes all things in the world swear not to harm Baldur, making him invulnerable to any form of attack, so the other gods start a game out of throwing things at Baldur.

The Bible : The Tower of Babel was built because its builders feared being scattered across the Earth. As part of His punishment, God did just that. Joseph has prophetic dreams saying he will one day rule his older brothers - so they fake his death and sell him into slavery. But this then starts a chain of events which lead to him becoming grand vizier of Egypt and controlling the only source of stored food when a famine hits, leading to his brothers having to beg him for help.

King Ahab was warned by Micaiah the prophet that he would die in the battle of Ramoth Gilead. Ahab tries to avert the disaster by dressing up in different clothes before going into battle while King Jehoshaphat wore his royal clothes, hoping that the Syrian army would go after Jehoshaphat instead of him. However, an arrow shot at random pierces King Ahab, and he ends up fulfilling the very prophecy that was spoken about him. The Talmud Berachos speaks at length about dreams and whether or not they can predict the future. Many of the opinions contradict each other, unsurprisingly , but a popular opinion is that interpreting the dream actually causes your prediction to happen.

To that end, it proceeds to give a Long List of different ways to interpret dreams, almost all of which are positive. The origin story of Buddhism involves founder Siddhartha Gautama, a Hindu aristocrat, being prophesied as a child to become either a great religious leader, or a great ruler. Hoping for the latter, his parents spoiled him rotten and made sure he wanted for nothing.

However, on his first trip out of the palace he saw suffering for the first time, and began studying with ascetics to come to terms with the shocking-for-him reality of life outside the aristocracy, ultimately becoming the religious leader his parents tried to keep him from being. Professional Wrestling. At the Final Battle , guess what Steen did to Generico? Tabletop Games. In Warhammer 40, , the primarch Horus gets infected with a demonic plague that causes him to fall into a coma and get visions of the future from the Chaos Gods.

In the visions, he sees a world where the Emperor is worshiped as a god and his name is not mentioned anywhere. This, combined with his anger about the Emperor returning to Earth and leaving him and the other Primarchs fighting to expand the Imperium, causes him to turn to Chaos and start a civil war that nearly destroys the Imperium. As a result of the war known as the Horus Heresy , 10, years later the mortally wounded Emperor, now confined in the life-supporting Golden Throne, is venerated as a god and the names of Horus and other traitorous Primarchs have been removed from Imperial records. A Black Crusade campaign can start one of these, depending on how the GM follows the plot thread the antagonist of the introductory adventure, False Prophets , starts.

In the first edition of Aberrant , a secret subdivision of Project Proteus fears that the superhuman novas will eventually either enslave baseline humanity on purpose or simply render them extinct in some fashion. To counter this, they slip sterilizing agents into the drugs that all novas recruited by Project Proteus are fed in order to help them control their powers, and assassinate any novas that either learn about this, seem to powerful, or have powers that could counteract their sterilization project. Naturally, when this inevitably comes out, it provokes so much outrage and fear amongst the novas that it triggers a full-fledged supers vs. In Vampire: The Masquerade , "thin-blooded" vampires who are sufficiently removed from the power source behind vampirism are frequently hunted and killed by vampire elders.

These elders fear that the thin-blooded are a portent of doom whose presence heralds the end-times return of the Antediluvians, the slumbering Abusive Precursors of their kind. The official sourcebooks for narrating the actual end times reveal that nothing gets the attention of the Antediluvians like large numbers of their descendents getting killed, no matter how distant those descendents may be. Shakespeare's Macbeth revolves around this trope. When the Witches greet Macbeth as the King of Scotland in the first act, it prompts him and his wife to plot to steal the throne from the rightful King after the Witches' earlier prophesy that Macbeth would become the Thane of Cawdor unexpectedly comes true. When the Witches prophesy that Macbeth's friend Banquo will give birth to a line of kings, he tries to have Banquo and his son Fleance murdered so that it won't come true.

He only succeeds with the first part, with Banquo ordering Fleance to avenge him with his last words. When the Witches warn Macbeth to "Beware Macduff, beware the Thane of Fife," it prompts him to send his assassins to massacre Macduff's castle. Macduff isn't home, but the assassins do succeed in murdering his wife and children Shakespeare's Henry IV also has this, in its own way. King Henry's refusal to ransom Mortimer under the fear that he might lead a rebellion eventually causes Hotspur to lead a rebellion of his own. Video Games. Gamers are willing to wait for a game to go Free-To-Play , and developers know that they won't be able to get any players unless they make the game Free-To-Play.

Breath of Fire IV has a version of this in that Fou-lu who was his own empire's King in the Mountain is promoted as the "Dragon of Doom who will destroy the empire" among the soldiers of the empire he founded. This is done explicitly by the empire as they have no intention of giving the throne back to the God-Emperor they summoned years ago. After being the target of multiple and increasingly extreme efforts by his nation to kill him, Fou-lu finally snaps when a woman who rescued him from a previous attempt at deicide and who developed a romantic relationship with him is tortured and ultimately used as the warhead in a Curse Nuke specifically because of her connection with him In the Chzo Mythos , The Dragon knows of a prophecy that the Big Bad will replace him, and secretly does his own scheming to stop this from happening.

Turns out that this defiance of his master's will is the reason he even gets replaced at all. Thus, he creates the Darksign as a "seal of fire" and brands the pygmies, the bearers of the Dark Soul, with it to limit their access to the Abyss and its power. Because of this, the pygmies' descendants, humans, never learned how to control the Dark inherent within themselves Humanity , causing it to manifest as either the Curse in those with too little Humanity or as an all-consuming power that drives those who have it to animalistic insanity in those with too much Humanity. Thus, the Dark becomes the chaotic and destructive force Gwyn feared it was, leading to the Cycle of Light and Dark, the destruction of Gwyn's kingdom, and ultimately the ruination of the world, and he has only his own paranoia to blame for it.

The original pygmies had perfect control over the Dark Soul and wanted nothing more than to happily serve Gwyn and the other gods of Anor Londo. He screwed himself big time. In Donkey Kong 64 , King K. Rool hires a weasel named Snide to build a superweapon called the Blast-O-Matic that will allow him to destroy Kong Isle. However, he grows increasingly paranoid that Snide will betray him, and decides to kick him off the team.

How does Snide respond? He defects to the Kongs and ultimately helps them disable the very superweapon he created. This is a running theme through the Dragon Age series. Mages are heavily restricted to the point of being effectively imprisoned by the Chantry and Templars out of fear for what they might do without those restrictions, especially turning to blood magic and making deals with or being possessed by demons. Many of the mages who turn to blood magic do so specifically because of those restrictions, with blood magic being one of the only ways they can fight back.

Done twice in Dragon Age II. First, everyone accuses the Qunari of being militaristic heathens who want to do nothing but convert everyone in Kirkwall to the Qun, even when the Arishok makes it perfectly plain that converting people is the last thing on his mind. In the end, the Arishok snaps and launches a war on Kirkwall, turning him into the monster many accused him of being. The Arishok: Fixing your mess is not the demand of the Qun, and you should all be grateful! Alexandra: It is ironic Web Comics. The Order of the Stick : Durkon has one of these in his background. He's going to cause bad things to happen when next he returns to the dwarven kingdoms, so his boss High Priest Hurak send him away without telling him why, and tell him never to return.

But he would never have really been able to return if he hadn't left. Handwaved when Hurak pointed out the possibility of him buying groceries or somesuch. This begins to make sense after he becomes vampirized by the Linear Guild, foreshadowing the first prophecy to come true. Notably, Hurak's successor, High Priestess Rubyrock, actually rescinded Durkon's exile as Hurak took the prophecy to his grave with him.

The dwarven clerics lampshade this: Dwarven cleric 1: 'Tis risky business screwing with prophecy. Web Original. Used in Red vs. Blue where Church attempts to stop a whole lot of bad things that happened in Blood Gulch, only to cause most of them. Most Elves and Dragons know a legend about a black dragon born during a storm that will cause a great deal of evil for the world. Both races attempt to kill the black dragon Ravana, but not only does he prove himself extremely hard to kill, but their attempts to do so drive him over the edge of insanity when he realizes every living thing is his enemy, turning him into exactly the kind of vengeful and murderous creature that the prophecy spoke about.

In The Gift of Mercy , an alien race from the other side of the galaxy discovers humanity after picking up radio signals from Earth, and starts studying us, concluding that we're all a bunch of barbaric savages obsessed with violence and killing, but fortunately much too stupid to ever be a threat to them. Then we develop space travel and they start getting a bit worried. Then we start deliberately sending radio transmissions out into space trying to make first contact, and they collectively shit their pants in terror. They aren't exactly happy about doing this, but see it as a necessary evil to save themselves.

Of course, crossing the entire galaxy takes a really long time even at lightspeed, and in that time we evolve so much that we all become Transhuman pacifists who make some of the most beautiful art the galaxy has ever seen. Alas, there is no way to stop the Gift of Mercy from reaching its target, Earth and most of our solar system is obliterated, and the aliens are left wracked with guilt over committing a genocide that turned out to not have been necessary after all. Then, a Hope Spot : it turns out that millions of humans still survived on other colonized planets that were far enough away from Earth to have avoided destruction. The aliens breathe a collective sigh of relief that they didn't actually wipe us all out after all In the end it's the townsfolk's fear of him and desire to survive at all costs that turns the town on itself, causing the people to viciously massacre each other and bring upon the deaths The Undertaker's coming augured.

There's a Man in the Woods details a teacher that cares for his students, and a greedy brat named Sid who was spreading rumors about a Serial Killer hiding in the woods. Eventually, the rumor underwent Gossip Evolution including things such as Batman ears and a woman's severed thigh and spread to the parents, who get the teacher fired. The result that the teacher, with his life ruined by the fiasco and being bitter and angry about it, decided to go back to the school, now ruined by the paranoia the rumor caused. The final shot is him in the same woods, glaring at Sid and reaching into his coat pocket threateningly Western Animation.

Adventure Time : "Frost and Fire" plays with the trope; Finn's attempts to find out what the prophecy actually is are what set it in motion, and by the time he actually gets the message, it's too late to stop it. Upon learning that Owl dreams are supposed to be prophetic, he attempts to recreate the circumstances that led to the dream. He's successful, but in the process, sets off a chain of events that results in the Ice Kingdom melted into a puddle and Finn and Flame Princess' relationship in tatters. And what was the Owl trying to tell him? Cosmic Owl : You blew it. Real Life. The self-fulfilling prophecy is a fairly major sociological concept.

The idea is that when other people expect something of a person, that person will act that way as a result of their actions. Child X had, in fact, been drawn at random. When the experimenters followed up on the class a few months later, they found that X was performing much better than before — because the teacher was giving them more attention. Similarly, this commonly happens even without or despite external influence, primarily in two different ways: overcompensating and fatalism. When a person, for example, thinks they're annoying people because they're dull, or not strong enough to succeed at a sport, they may attempt to spice up and vary conversations beyond a comfortable range of normality of the other person or exercise so much or so hard that their body can't perform as well as it could have come game time.

In a contrasting manner, a person may think they can never succeed at painting or getting a promotion so they never practice, and don't even try. This can even extend to an extreme of expending more effort in avoiding the expected failure than it would have taken for someone with their skill level or situation to actually succeed. The Ironic Process Theory a. You try to avoid thinking a thought, but because the conscious part of the brain actively tries to avoid it, the subconscious part of the brain reminds your conscious part to avoid it, resulting with you thinking about that thought anyways.

Caretakers or family members of a person with a disability will often create a self-fulfilling prophecy. In assuming that the person they are caring for is too disabled to be capable of a certain life skill , they won't bother to try teaching them to do it, thus guaranteeing they won't be able to do it, and it will have to be done for them. Economics: Investors' fears of a downturn in the stock market are one of the most common reasons for a downturn in the stock market. Recessions in general work similarly, since consumer confidence is a major factor. Once the news media alerts the general population that there might be a recession coming, people start spending less money, and before you know it, we're in a recession.

The longer and louder the media goes on about it, the worse it's likely to be, in part because of the warnings. Banking runs are considered to be often impacted by the perception of a bank being solvent. In reality, most banks can't withstand all of their liquid money being hit at once. The FDIC knows this, and their list of banks most likely to fail is considered to be top secret, since publishing the list will cause runs on those banks that will in turn cause them to fail.

An example is the Washington Mutual bank failure in - it was going relatively okay, until a bunch of people heard the bank might fail with the economic downturn. These are actually the Trope Namer. Robert K. Merton coined the phrase and used a banking run as the classic example. A particular real-life example of a bank run was seen in the UK with Northern Rock. The bank quietly asked the Bank of England if they could have an extended overdraft effectively , even though they didn't actually need it at that point. Word got out, leading to every branch in the country being besieged by savers desperate to take all their money out before the bank collapsed - which it wasn't in danger of doing until people panicked.

Similarly, during the Great Depression, many people worried that they would lose their money due to the stock market crash and failing banks. As a result, people rushed to get their money out, thereby causing the banks to fail. This would be part of the reason the FDIC would later be created, because if you were unlucky and didn't get your money out of the bank in time, you lost it. This has the effect of protecting not only the customers but the bank itself, since customers would, at least in theory, be less likely to attempt to run on an FDIC-insured bank and accidentally cause it to fail if they knew they were protected.

Prior to it, Mori Hidemoto's retainer Kikkawa Hiroie believed his side, the Western Army, would lose and the Mori would be punished and stripped of their lands. Hoping to prevent being punished for losing, Kikkawa made a deal with Tokugawa Ieyasu who commanded the Eastern Army. When the battle was joined, Kikkawa refused to participate with his forces. This resulted in the defeat of the Western Army. And Tokugawa Ieyasu stripped the Mori of two-thirds of their lands, anyway. An example from the UK in or so: a two-day strike at an oil refinery in Scotland wouldn't have affected petrol distribution in the slightest as several days' reserves are stored off-site. However, as soon as news of the strike got out, queues appeared at petrol stations all over the country - even those areas which got their petrol from completely different refineries.

This, of course, meant they sold out of petrol quickly, leading to local news stations running stories about petrol stations running short, which led to more people trying to fill up before the nationwide fuel drought struck their beloved motor In September , a combination of Brexit and the Covid pandemic meant that the country was thousands of hauliers short. This included fuel tanker drivers, so there was a general warning that unless the situation improved, petrol stations were going to face shortages. Cue drivers all over the country racing to fill up and causing that shortage. When there was a sugar shortage in the UK in the early s, a presenter of BBC Radio 4's morning news-magazine programme Today joking said: "At this rate, there'll be a salt shortage next".

Some people took him seriously, panicked and started stockpiling, and before the day was out there was a salt shortage. This is essentially how the entire Foreign Exchange market works. People think that a currency will go up? It goes up. People think it's about to plummet? It plummets. It's even more self-fulfilling with Technical Trading Foreign Exchange Trading based on technical analysis. The idea is that past prices and patterns will repeat themselves, but it only works because so many people and institutions place orders on the belief that they will, that those very orders cause it to happen.

The Induced Traffic theory. City fathers and developers argue for the building of new roads and highways and the expansion of current ones to both relieve current traffic congestion and prepare for traffic increasing in the future. In truth, it's building the roads themselves that cause the increase in traffic by encouraging more and more people to drive especially since many of the roads built are not pedestrian-friendly. If the media hawks about a new disease, people get more stressed, which weakens the immune system, which makes them more likely to get sick.

Relatedly, one of the most powerful factors in determining who wins an election especially the Presidential primary is who the media seeing a pattern here? This is why most of the attention is given to the earliest primary states, and why states like Florida in '08, for instance jockey for the earliest races. In , Johnny Carson made a joke about a potential toilet paper shortage.

This caused viewers to stockpile toilet paper, thus creating the very shortage he'd joked about. Another instance comes from accounting. Companies are required to file statements of possible losses from lawsuits should it be considered reasonably possible that they may lose the case. However, once they do so, their own statements are used against them as evidence of their "obvious" guilt and they usually lose the case shortly afterwards. When Richard Nixon was President of the United States, he was well-known for being both intensely paranoid and very concerned about the kind of legacy he would leave behind. So when the Watergate scandal came up, and Nixon discovered that he wasn't about to get out of it, he tried to cover it up as best as he could.

If he had simply come out in the very beginning and humbly admitted what he did wrong, his legacy might not have been so harshly viewed. He wouldn't be liked, but people probably would have respected his being forthcoming. Moreover, he was comfortably ahead in the polls at the time. Nixon's paranoia about no longer being President led directly to Nixon no longer being President. In a similar vein, as Nixon found out the hard way, trying to cover something up can often lead to it being found out , as the amount of effort involved in a cover-up is almost always more than the amount of the actual crime. Economically disenfranchised areas of an American city tend to have higher crime rates than the rest.

Police look upon residents of said areas as more likely to commit crimes. This creates or exacerbates a distrust of the police in said communities. This leads to a lower chance of any crimes being solved, which lowers the police's opinions of said communities, etc. It is rather tragic to see the same person complaining that "the system" doesn't care about their community also telling informants to "stop snitchin'". During the May Day protests in Montreal, a photo was circulated of protesters mocking police by dangling donuts on strings. Their defenders claimed that the protesters weren't responsible for any consequences from their needlessly baiting police.

Many protesters seek to deliberately do something that makes the police arrest them in order to prove the police are oppressive, then have a friend record it and cut down the video to just the police's response so they can try to claim they're being arrested for no reason. His neighbouring governor Otho was then told by an astrologer that the venerable Galba would soon be dead, and he would be Emperor. Spurred by the prophecy, Otho then spent seven months currying favour with Galba in an attempt to be named his formal heir. When Galba finally decided on someone else, Otho was so enraged at the rebuke he had Galba assassinated and seized the throne for himself.

The Praetorian-prefect named Marcus Opellius Macrinus was informed of a prophecy from an oracle that he would become the emperor. Luckily for him, he got the information before the sitting emperor the, quote, "Common enemy of mankind" , Caracalla, since if he didn't he would most likely be executed as a possible threat. Since the emperor would inevitably find out sooner or later, his hand was forced so as to actually assassinate Caracalla and he ended up as the new emperor after the Guard proclaimed him such. Not that it made much of a difference since he would also be the first emperor to die before entering Rome.

For this reason, making prophecies about the imperial succession was usually a crime punishable by death. Not a prophecy as such but a major part of the death of Caligula was a betrayal by the commander of his guard. By most accounts, the man was loyal, until he found out the Emperor was having doubts about him and remembered what happened to the last guard commander Caligula didn't trust. When the first Twilight film came out, the media acted as if the Twilight series was a serious rival for the Harry Potter series with headlines like "Move Over Harry Potter, Twilight Has Arrived," implying the existence of a Fandom Rivalry - and creating one as a result. One aspect of supply-and-demand involves the idea that when people believe that the price of a good will increase, they'll buy more of it before the expected increase, and as such will be the cause of the price increase thanks to the demand going up.

Inversely, if there's a report, true or false, that supplies are low, people will buy more of it, and the result is that supply will be low. Some companies try to profit from this, by claiming that "supplies are limited" when they are, in fact, anything of the sort, creating a sort of artificial demand. Stereotypes, people subconsciously adapt to behave 'normally', with stereotypes representing what people consider 'normal' behaviour for certain groups of people. The situation is made harder by the fact averting stereotypes is usually a conscious decision to make a character that is 'different' implying they are abnormal and backlash against stereotypes often goes wrong, creating 'reverse' stereotypes for example, Real Women Don't Wear Dresses.

People who claim to be psychics run off this. They hope that if they tell you something will happen under certain circumstances, you'll enforce those circumstances on your own. If they tell you "You will meet your future spouse while wearing red shoes," they hope that you'll wear red shoes all the time especially since if you're asking a psychic, you're likely a little desperate , so when you inevitably meet someone, the "prediction" comes true. Similarly, if you ask about, say, having a baby, that implies you're stressed about it stress can make it harder to conceive.

They hope that if they tell you you're going to have a baby soon, that'll reduce your stress levels, possibly encourage you to "try" more, and increase the odds that you will have a baby. Fat people who are otherwise as average in eating and activity habits as their thin counterparts may come under attack by individuals or groups who make fun of them or stereotype them as lazy and gluttonous as a misguided attempt to motivate them to adopt healthy habits. Unfortunately, this may crush their self-esteem so much that it prevents them from doing so in the first place as they see no reason to. While the population of people on the Internet roughly reflects the gender distribution of the world population, roughly half male and half female, many regulars on gaming and technical forums firmly believe that There Are No Girls on the Internet.

When a woman does show up, boorish, misogynistic behavior by the male regulars drives them away, resulting in male-dominated technical spaces. This partly explains why relatively few women major in technical fields. It also works the other way; well-intentioned female teachers, guidance counselors, relatives will tell a girl who is interested in a STEM field that she's "brave" for choosing such a path implying she's signing up for a harsh life and relating the narrative over and over again that STEM fields are a gauntlet of sexual harassment and abuse where the girl, despite her interest and aptitude, will never truly fit in or succeed.

And then those same well-intentioned female teachers, guidance counselors, and relatives wring their hands over why the girls choose anything other than a STEM career. The idea that games with female leads don't sell well is also one of these, as argued here - publishers are afraid the game won't sell and as such put only the minimum amount of effort into marketing , resulting in nobody even being aware the game exists, and as a result, it doesn't sell well. Also often the case with minorities, leading to the Minority Show Ghetto. If your protagonist isn't a part of that country's major ethnicity, then there might be less effort put into the marketing because everyone thinks it won't be popular anyway, thus causing it to have less visibility and thus be, in fact, less popular.

Not helped when so-called "minority issues" are the focus because by definition the majority will have trouble understanding them, but since the majority won't understand them and thus the work won't be popular, producers decide "might as well do it" and make them the focus, thus ensuring the majority of people won't get it. The Board of Education, also noted the influence of teachers on the achievement levels between black and white students. The low expectations of the teachers aligned with their initial belief which was low IQ test scores. Clark wrote, ""If a child scores low on an intelligence test because he cannot read and then is not taught to read because he has a low score, then such a child is being imprisoned in an iron circle and becomes the victim of an educational self-fulfilling prophecy"".

Kenneth B. Clarks ideas about educational Self-fulfilling prophecies opened up minds to the effectiveness of teaching and the expectations teachers place upon students. In literature, self-fulfilling prophecies are often used as plot devices. They have been used in stories for millennia, but have gained a lot of popularity recently in the science fiction genre. They are typically used ironically, with the prophesied events coming to pass due to the actions of one trying to prevent the prophecy a recent example would be the life of Anakin Skywalker , the fictional Jedi-turned-Sith Lord in George Lucas ' Star Wars saga.

They are also sometimes used as comic relief. Many myths, legends, and fairy tales make use of this motif as a central element of narratives that are designed to illustrate inexorable fate , fundamental to the Hellenic world-view. This may be the death of the powerful person; in more light-hearted versions, it is often the marriage of a poor or lower-class child to his own. The events come about, nevertheless, as a result of the actions taken to prevent them: frequently child abandonment sets the chain of events in motion. In Greek literature a "prophete" is defined as "one who speaks for another. The best-known example from Greek legend is that of Oedipus. Warned that his child would one day kill him, Laius abandoned his newborn son Oedipus to die, but Oedipus was found and raised by others, and thus in ignorance of his true origins.

When he grew up, Oedipus was warned that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Believing his foster parents were his real parents, he left his home and travelled to Greece, eventually reaching the city where his biological parents lived. There, he got into a fight with a stranger, his real father, killed him and married his widow, Oedipus' real mother. In some, he accidentally spears his grandfather at a competition—an act that could have happened regardless of Acrisius ' response to the prophecy. In other variants, his presence at the games is explained by his hearing of the prophecy, so that his attempt to evade it does cause the prophecy to be fulfilled.

Greek historiography provides a famous variant: when the Lydian king Croesus asked the Delphic Oracle if he should invade Persia, the response came that if he did, he would destroy a great kingdom. Assuming this meant he would succeed, he attacked—but the kingdom he destroyed was his own. When it was predicted that Cronos would be overthrown by his son, and usurp his throne as King of the Gods, Cronus ate his children, each shortly after they were born.

When Zeus was born, Cronos was thwarted by Rhea, who gave him a stone to eat instead, sending Zeus to be raised by Amalthea. Cronos' attempt to avoid the prophecy made Zeus his enemy, ultimately leading to its fulfilment. The story of Romulus and Remus is another example. According to legend, a man overthrew his brother, the king. He then ordered that his two nephews, Romulus and Remus, be drowned, fearing that they would someday kill him as he did to his brother. The boys were placed in a basket and thrown in the Tiber River. A wolf found the babies and she raised them. Later, a shepherd found the twins and named them Romulus and Remus.

As teenagers, they found out who they were. They killed their uncle, fulfilling the prophecy. A variation of the self-fulfilling prophecy is the self-fulfilling dream, which dates back to medieval Arabic literature. Several tales in the One Thousand and One Nights , also known as the Arabian Nights , use this device to foreshadow what is going to happen, as a special form of literary prolepsis. A notable example is " The Ruined Man Who Became Rich Again Through a Dream ", in which a man is told in his dream to leave his native city of Baghdad and travel to Cairo , where he will discover the whereabouts of some hidden treasure.

The man travels there and experiences misfortune after losing belief in the prophecy, ending up in jail, where he tells his dream to a police officer. The officer mocks the idea of foreboding dreams and tells the protagonist that he himself had a dream about a house with a courtyard and fountain in Baghdad where treasure is buried under the fountain.

The man recognizes the place as his own house and, after he is released from jail, he returns home and digs up the treasure. In other words, the foreboding dream not only predicted the future, but the dream was the cause of its prediction coming true. A variant of this story later appears in English folklore as the " Pedlar of Swaffham ". Another variation of the self-fulfilling prophecy can be seen in " The Tale of Attaf ", where Harun al-Rashid consults his library the House of Wisdom , reads a random book, "falls to laughing and weeping and dismisses the faithful vizier " Ja'far ibn Yahya from sight.

Ja'far, "disturbed and upset flees Baghdad and plunges into a series of adventures in Damascus , involving Attaf and the woman whom Attaf eventually marries. In other words, it was Harun's reading of the book that provoked the adventures described in the book to take place. This is an early example of reverse causality. In the 14th century, a version of this tale also appears in the Gesta Romanorum and Giovanni Boccaccio 's The Decameron.

The prophets involved in this religion are considered to be very superior, they have the highest ranking on the class system that one could have, and religious temples or shrines are built in their honor. It is believed in the Hindu religion that the prophets can foretell the future due to what they are experiencing in the "present" time. Self-fulfilling prophecies appear in classical Sanskrit literature. In the story of Krishna in the Indian epic Mahabharata , the ruler of the Mathura kingdom, Kansa , afraid of a prophecy that predicted his death at the hands of his sister Devaki 's son, had her cast into prison where he planned to kill all of her children at birth.

After killing the first six children, and Devaki's apparent miscarriage of the seventh, Krishna the eighth son was born. As his life was in danger he was smuggled out to be raised by his foster parents Yashoda and Nanda in the village of Gokula. Years later, Kansa learned about the child's escape and kept sending various demons to put an end to him. The demons were defeated at the hands of Krishna and his brother Balarama. Krishna, as a young man returned to Mathura to overthrow his uncle, and Kansa was eventually killed by his nephew Krishna.

It was due to Kansa's attempts to prevent the prophecy that it came true, thus fulfilling the prophecy. Oleg of Novgorod was a Varangian prince who ruled over the Rus people during the early tenth century. As old East Slavic chronicles say, it was prophesied by the pagan priests that Oleg's stallion would be the source of Oleg's death. To avoid this he sent the horse away.

Many years later he asked where his horse was, and was told that it had died. He asked to see the remains and was taken to the place where the bones lay. When he touched the horse's skull with his boot a snake slithered from the skull and bit him. Oleg died, thus fulfilling the prophecy. In the Primary Chronicle , Oleg is known as the Prophet, ironically referring to the circumstances of his death. In Scandinavian traditions, this legend lived on in the saga of Orvar-Odd. The girl's father's efforts to prevent it are the reason why the boy ends up marrying her. Another fairy tale occurs with older children. In The Language of the Birds , a father forces his son to tell him what the birds say: that the father would be the son's servant.

In The Ram , the father forces his daughter to tell him her dream: that her father would hold an ewer for her to wash her hands in. In all such tales, the father takes the child's response as evidence of ill-will and drives the child off; this allows the child to change so that the father will not recognize his own offspring later and so offer to act as the child's servant. In some variants of Sleeping Beauty , such as Sun, Moon, and Talia , the sleep is not brought about by a curse, but a prophecy that she will be endangered by flax or hemp results in the royal order to remove all the flax or hemp from the castle, resulting in her ignorance of the danger and her curiosity.

Shakespeare 's Macbeth is another classic example of a self-fulfilling prophecy. The three witches give Macbeth a prophecy that Macbeth will eventually become king, but afterwards, the offspring of his best friend will rule instead of his own. Macbeth tries to make the first half true while trying to keep his bloodline on the throne instead of his friend's. Spurred by the prophecy, he kills the king and his friend, something he, arguably, never would have done before. In the end, the evil actions he committed to avoid his succession by another's bloodline get him killed in a revolution. The later prophecy by the first apparition of the witches that Macbeth should "Beware Macduff" is also a self-fulfilling prophecy.

If Macbeth had not been told this, then he might not have regarded Macduff as a threat. Therefore, he would not have killed Macduff's family, and Macduff would not have sought revenge and killed Macbeth. The extreme steps that the character takes to prevent the situation are almost always what led to it. In George R. The song "Iron Man" by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath follows the story of a self-fulfilling prophecy of a man who travels into the future and sees the apocalypse and tries to warn people, but ends up causing the apocalypse. The law of attraction is a typical example of self-fulfilling prophecy.

It is the name given to the belief that "like attracts like" and that by focusing on positive or negative thoughts, one can bring about positive or negative results. The thoughts, words and actions held in mind affect someone's intentions which makes the expected result happen. Although there are some cases where positive or negative attitudes can produce corresponding results principally the placebo and nocebo effects , there is no scientific basis to the law of attraction. In Canadian ice hockey, junior league players are selected based on skill, motor coordination, physical maturity, and other individual merit criteria.

The explanation is that in Canada, the eligibility cutoff for age-class hockey is January 1, and the players who are born in the first months of the year are older by 0—11 months, which at the preadolescent age of selection nine or ten manifests into an important physical advantage. The selected players are exposed to higher levels of coaching, play more games, and have better teammates. These factors make them actually become the best players, fulfilling the prophecy, while the real selection criterion was age. In , researchers published a study on how the self-fulfilling prophecy impacted coaching. The study was based on college basketball players and their coaches.

The main component that was analyzed in this study is the feedback that the coaches gave and how the players perceived that feedback. Based on the results of the study, researchers determined that that head coaches gave more biased feedback while assistant coaches gave more critical feedback. Researcher Helen Brown published findings of two experiments performed on athletes in regard to the effect that the media has on them.

In the first experiment, the athletes were labeled and categorized. During the experiment, the media reporter stated their expectations for the athlete, which would either be good, bad, or a neutral outlook. The difference between experiment two and experiment one is that it happened face to face. The key components being studied in the athletes were their thought process as well as their responses to these expectations that the media was making about them. As a result from the second experiment performed, it was concluded that the media does impact athletes, it impacts their judgement, their thought process and it can even have a dangerous and destructive impact on some athletes.

A self-fulfilling prophecy may be a form of causality loop. Predestination does not necessarily involve a supernatural power, and could be the result of other "infallible foreknowledge" mechanisms. The prophecy itself serves as the impetus for his actions, and thus it is self-fulfilling. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prediction that causes itself to become true.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Causal loop and Newcomb's paradox. Begging the question Bootstrap paradox Cognitive behavioral therapy Confirmation bias Copycat effect Eschatology Expectation epistemic Fake it till you make it Mind over matter Moore's law Nineteen Eighty-Four Nominative determinism Reflexivity social theory Subject-expectancy effect Selection bias Self-defeating prophecy Self-licking ice cream cone Self-validating reduction.

ISSN S2CID International Studies Review. Self-fulfilling prophecy. Dictionary of Media and Communication Studies. December Educational Researcher. ISSN X. Thomas and D. Suffice it to say, the licensed fabricators of self-fulfilling prophecies are again upon their stools. Merton, Robert. The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. The Antioch Review. JSTOR On social structure and science. University of Chicago Press. ISBN OCLC Springer Reference. Unended Quest: An Intellectual Autobiography. LaSalle, Illinois: Open Court. Personality and Social Psychology Review. PMID Social psychology Tenth ed. New York, NY. Phi Beta Kappa. Quoted by Wilkins , p. Sociology of Education.

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