⚡ Police Brutality In The Black Community

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Police Brutality In The Black Community

This is restrictive on multiple counts; for example, police are not permitted to Essay On The Benefits Of Universal Healthcare Police Brutality In The Black Community firearms when an offender is running away. Accessibility links Skip Police Brutality In The Black Community main content Keyboard shortcuts Analysis Of Washington Irvings The Legend Of Sleepy Hollow audio player. There are concerns Police Brutality In The Black Community harassment by police against children aged Police Brutality In The Black Community girls american football low socio-economic areas of Northern Ireland which have led to a deep level of mistrust between the youth and the Police Brutality In The Black Community. However, African and Latin American immigrants are most frequently Police Brutality In The Black Community, often without a legitimate security concern. One Russian Police Brutality In The Black Community was killed and other protesters were arrested. More thanlaw enforcements serve across the United States at Police Brutality In The Black Community given time Police Brutality In The Black Community the course of a Police Brutality In The Black Community. French officials have forced Police Brutality In The Black Community aggressive videos to be destroyed. No charges were filed. As of 12 September [update]13 people have died and Police Brutality In The Black Community have been injured as part tesco graph paper the protests.

The Black Community. The Police. The Solution - Seun Babalola - TEDxPSUBehrend

One particular case of police brutality against the Romani people occurred in when the police took four Roma men to a field and beat them. Portugal is ranked the fourth most heavily policed country in the world. This is restrictive on multiple counts; for example, police are not permitted to use their firearms when an offender is running away. Portuguese police have adopted an aggressive position in combating football hooliganism. Despite their means being considered disproportionate, the police view the heavy-handed nature of their tactics as a necessary and successful approach towards protecting the community and maintaining social order.

In , a viral video showed a Benfica fan being heavily beaten in front of his two children outside a football stadium. The footage, filmed by a local television station, showed Jose Magalhaes leaving the football match early with his children and elderly father before being confronted by police officers. A statement released by the PSP acknowledged the controversial incident and announced that an investigation was launched against the officer responsible for initiating the attack. The statement also defended policing the large crowds in the aftermath of the football match. Riot police had clashed with supporters the following day in Lisbon as fans celebrated Benfica's title victory. The harsh approach was described as sufficient, justified, and necessary to prevent the social disorder from escalating.

In a similar incident in , another football club, Sporting Lisbon, complained about "barbaric" police assaults on their fans. There have been suggestions of institutionalised racism within the Portuguese police force, with activists claiming that discrimination is the deep-rooted cause of police brutality in Portugal. Despite a good record in migrant integration, historical parallels can be drawn between Portugal's colonial past and modern police racism.

Racially-influenced police actions are illustrated by the violence in Cova de Moura, a low socio-economic area housing a significant migrant population. Notably, during an incident in February , a young man named Bruno Lopes was aggressively searched and physically abused. On the same day, two human rights workers and five youth entered the Alfragide police station requesting information on Lopes' situation. Upon arrival, the group was allegedly attacked by police officers shouting racist slurs. The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance ECRI has raised concerns about police mistreatment of minorities in Portugal in all of its reports on the country. Portuguese people of Roma descent have also been victims of police harassment and brutality in the country.

There are several examples publicized by the media: one case from involved a Roma man and his son. The two walked to the Nelas police station in Porto to get some information, but the police allegedly ended up abusing them. Two officers were convicted in for physically assaulting the father. Some of the people living in the camp, including children and women, were reportedly attacked by GNR officers. Six Roma that were detained in the operation allege that they were later tortured and humiliated in the GNR station of Amares ; the GNR denied the accusations, while SOS Racismo promised to file a complaint against the force.

Russian protests have gained media attention with the reelection of Vladimir Putin in More attention has been given to the frequency of police brutality shown on posted videos online. Then-president Dmitry Medvedev initiated reforms of the police force in an attempt to minimize the violence by firing the Moscow police chief and centralising police powers. Police divisions in Russia are often based on loyalty systems that favor bureaucratic power among political elites. Phone tapping and business raids are common practice in the country, and often fail to give due process to citizens.

Proper investigations into police officials are still considered insufficient by Western standards. In , Russia's top investigative agency investigated charges that four police officers had tortured detainees under custody. Human rights activists claim that Russian police use torture techniques to extract false confessions from detainees. Police regulations require officers to meet quotas for solving crimes, which encourages false arrests to meet their numbers.

Police brutality in Slovakia is systematic and widely documented, but is almost exclusively enacted on the Romani minority. The nation-state itself has particularly racist attitudes toward the Romani minority dating back to before the split of Czechoslovakia. It is widely known that the government practiced forced sterilisation of Romani women and the segregation of the Romani into walled-off settlements; [] these forms of discrimination have filtered down to the police force. Excessive use of force against the Romani minority by police has been publicly criticised by the United Nations. In , a year-old Romani man died as a result of abuse in police custody at the hands of the Mayor of Magnezitovce and his son who works as a police officer.

The victim, Karol Sendrei, was allegedly chained to a radiator and fatally beaten after being forcefully removed from his home. In response to this incident, the Minister for Internal Affairs attempted to establish new measures to prevent police brutality by including mandatory psychological testing for law enforcement and better training around the effective use of coercion. However, police brutality toward the Roma minority remains a serious issue. Video footage shot by law enforcement officers in shows 6 Romani boys aged between being forced to strip naked, kiss, and slap each other.

It is alleged that the boys were then set upon by police dogs , with at least two sustaining serious injuries. Officers attempted to justify their behaviour because the boys were suspected of theft against an elderly citizen; however, cruel , inhuman, or degrading treatment by police, regardless of whether a crime has been suspected or committed, is prohibited under international law. As the footage was the main piece of evidentiary support for the crime, without it a conviction could not be passed down. Human rights watchdog organisations have raised concerns around police selectivity in making recordings of raids after a raid in the settlement of Vrbica in ; the police claimed to have not thought the settlement would be problematic; this raid involved 15 men being seriously injured.

It is often the experience of the Roma in regards to pressing charges for police brutality, a counter charge is often threatened by law enforcement in an attempt to pressure the alleged victim into dropping the charges. It is generally an effective move as the hostile attitude toward the Roma in Slovakia is so entrenched that lawyers are often reluctant to represent Romani victims. Minority groups in Slovenia, particularly the Roma and any residents from the former Yugoslav Republic face discrimination and sometimes brutality by Slovenian police. Their rights have not been fully restored yet. The police have been known to occasionally use excessive force against detainees in prisons, as well as foreigners and other minority groups, though no police officer has ever been arrested or charged.

The worst case of police brutality was the November protests; political dissatisfaction spurred a series of protests in Maribor, Slovenia. For the most part, the protests were peaceful; [] the crowds chanted and behaved non-violently for about two hours on 26 November also known as, "the second Maribor uprising". Slovenian media sources reported that the protest only turned violent after the police started using physical force.

Since , Slovenian authorities have attempted to rectify this discrimination by introducing a two-day training programme on policing in a multi-ethnic community. Spanish police developed a global reputation for brutality after images of clashes between demonstrators and police were spread on social networks and international news in and Video footage published online showed the use of force by police against peaceful demonstrators on both occasions.

Images show officers using handheld batons to repeatedly hit peaceful demonstrators some of them in the face and neck , rubber bullets, pepper spray, and the injuries caused. Despite public outrage, the Spanish government did not make any attempt to reform policing and police mistreatment of the public; the opposite happened instead: in July , new reforms to the law on Public Security and the Criminal Code were enforced which limited the right to freedom of assembly and gave police officers the broad discretion to fine people who show a "lack of respect" towards them.

The UN Human Rights Commission has expressed concern at the impact this legislation could have on human rights and police accountability. The report of Torture in the Spanish State found at least people were tortured by law enforcement in at demonstrations and other public situations and in police stations and prisons. The practice of torture is an everyday reality in Spain [ There were only convictions of police for mistreatment during these 10 years. Despite eyewitness testimony and medical reports confirming her injuries the Spanish Courts dismissed her claims on the grounds of insufficient evidence.

They also condemned Spain for failing to investigate both Solomon's assault and other racist and sexist acts of violence by police officers. Under Spanish law, the police have the right to check the identity of anyone in a public space when there is a security concern. However, African and Latin American immigrants are most frequently targeted, often without a legitimate security concern. Since the REVA Legally Certain and Efficient Enforcement project had been applied in Sweden in an attempt to deport illegal immigrants, it had exposed the brutal and illegal methods used by police. Officers have been shown to harass and racially profile non-white Swedes who often live in segregated suburbs. The marginalised such as the poor, homeless, people of colour, users of illicit drugs, and the mentally ill are facing Sweden as a Police State.

This has resulted in social disobedience with ordinary people in Sweden updating others on Twitter and Facebook on the whereabouts of police. In police shot a man in his own home in front of his wife in the town of Husby [ clarification needed ]. The police alleged the man had been wielding a machete and threatening them with it. The Stockholm riots were set off after the Husby shooting, where more than cars were torched. When the police showed up they had stones thrown at them. People said the police called them "monkeys" and used batons against them in the clash. The police picked him up and in the process of his arrest broke his arm and locked him in a cell for nearly six hours with no medical aid.

Socially excluded groups have been targeted and the result of police investigations often means the police officers are not deemed to be at fault. The common denominator for people on a special police list is being or married to a Romani person. A register of Romani people is kept by police. Police target apparent ethnicity at Stockholm subways for ID-checks to see if they are illegal immigrants. The police claim that they are "following orders", the "rule of law" and "democratic process". The police ordered the local security guards to stop the child.

One guard tackled him to the ground and sat on him. He then pushed the child's face into the pavement hard and covered his mouth. The child can be heard screaming and gasping on the video that has gone viral on the internet. The police then put him in handcuffs. In the United Kingdom employed approximately , police officers in the 43 police forces of England, Wales and the British Transport Police , the lowest number since March Physical force is considered appropriate if:. This requires a consideration of the degree of force used. Any excessive use of force by a police officer is unlawful and an officer could be prosecuted under criminal law.

Despite an average reduction in deaths in custody since , a Public Confidence Survey revealed that public satisfaction following contact with the police was falling and that there was a greater willingness to file a complaint. However, young people and people from black or minority ethnic groups were much less likely to come forward with complaints. While instances of police brutality in the UK is comparatively less than its US counterpart, there are nonetheless high profile incidents that have received wide media coverage. In May , year-old Julian Cole was arrested outside a nightclub in Bedford by six police officers. The altercation left Cole in a vegetative state due to a severed spinal cord.

Expert evidence indicated that Cole was struck with considerable force on his neck whilst his head was pulled back. On 20 February , Bedfordshire Police Constables Christopher Thomas and Christopher Pitts, chased Faruk Ali before allegedly knocking him over and punching him in the face outside his family home. Ali was described as an autistic man who had the mental age of a five-year-old. Following an investigation by the IPCC, the officers were fired following breaches of standards of professional conduct including standards of honesty, integrity, authority, equality, and diversity.

On 13 July , year-old Mzee Mohammed died in police custody after being detained by Merseyside police at a Liverpool shopping centre. Officers were called to the scene after Mzee was allegedly behaving aggressively and erratically while armed with a knife. After successfully detaining Mzee, the police called an ambulance after Mzee suffered a "medical episode" and was pronounced dead. Questions remain about how appropriate medical condition could have been administered given how the handcuffs would restrict breathing. The public incidents in which police judgments or actions have been called into question raised concerns about police accountability and governance. On 16 March , people were arrested in Montreal at a protest against police brutality.

In the United States, major political and social movements have involved excessive force by police, including the civil rights movement of the s, anti-war demonstrations, the War on Drugs , and the Global War on Terrorism. In , the UN Committee against Torture condemned police brutality and excessive use of force by law enforcement in the US, and highlighted the "frequent and recurrent police shootings or fatal pursuits of unarmed black individuals". Seven members of the United States Maryland military police were convicted for the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse incidents in Iraq. The United States has developed a notorious reputation for cases of police brutality.

The United States has a far higher number of officer-involved killings compared to other Western countries. According to a study published in The Lancet , more than 30, people have died by police violence in the United States from to Breonna Taylor was killed at the age of 26 when police forced entry into the apartment as part of an investigation into drug dealing operations. Officers said that they announced themselves as police before forcing entry, but Walker said he did not hear any announcement, thought the officers were intruders, and fired a warning shot at them and hit Mattingly in the leg, and the officers fired 32 shots in return.

Walker was unhurt but Taylor was hit by six bullets and died. On 23 September, a state grand jury found the shooting of Taylor justified but indicted officer Hankison on three counts of wanton endangerment for endangering Taylor's neighbors with his shots. On 25 May , George Floyd , who was unarmed and in handcuffs, died after a Minneapolis police officer, Derek Chauvin , knelt on his neck for over nine minutes seconds while 3 other officers appeared to hold down his back and legs. The officer involved was charged with 2nd-degree murder and three colleagues stand accused of aiding and abetting.

The death, captured on video, triggered protests against racial discrimination across the US and the world. The police in Brazil have a history of violence against the lower classes. In the latter half of the twentieth century, the country was heavily urbanized, while over its last military dictatorship state governments became responsible for Brazilian police forces experiencing which became heavily militarized. The militarist approach to dealing with social issues led the country to its highest violence levels and in Brazil had more violent deaths than the Syrian Civil War , [] with most people fearing the police. A significant portion of the officers involved had already been charged for crimes previously. The unrest has since spread to many cities throughout Colombia.

As of 12 September [update] , 13 people have died and over have been injured as part of the protests. In recent years, Chile 's police force Carabineros de Chile has been under investigation because of various cases of power abuse and police brutality, particularly towards students participating in riots for better education and the indigenous Mapuche people; countless cases of violence were enacted on this group for allegedly committing crimes; it was later discovered that some Carabineros officers were responsible for these crimes and blamed Mapuches. One of the recent cases involving the Mapuche was Camilo Catrillanca 's death. The first reports of his death came from the Carabineros who claimed that Camilo shot at a police officer and others while being investigated for allegedly stealing 3 cars.

After seeing Camilo "attacking" policemen with a gun in an attempt to escape, the Carabineros shot Camilo in the head and killed him. It was later discovered that this was not what happened; a partner of the police officer that killed Camilo showed the video of the policeman killing him while he drove a tractor. Carabineros was asked why they did not have a recording of the officer being shot at by Camilo. The institution responded the officer destroyed the SD card because it had private photos and videos of his wife; most people were not satisfied with the answer.

The policeman was later discharged and prosecuted. During the —20 Chilean protests , Carabineros de Chile has caused hundreds of eye mutilations on protesters and random civilians with so-called "rubber" bullets and tear gas canisters. In November a police officer fatally shot a year-old indigenous man, Kumanjayi Walker, after Walker stabbed two police officers, in the central Australian town of Yuendumu. The police officer was charged with murder. Police officers are legally permitted to use force. Jerome Herbert Skolnick writes in regards to dealing largely with disorderly elements of the society, some people [ who?

There are many reasons why police officers can sometimes be excessively aggressive. It is thought that psychopathy makes some officers more inclined to use excessive force than others. In one study, police psychologists surveyed officers who had used excessive force. The information obtained allowed the researchers to develop five unique types of officers, only one of which was similar to the bad apple stereotype. These include personality disorders; previous traumatic job-related experience; young, inexperienced, or authoritarian officers; officers who learn inappropriate patrol styles; and officers with personal problems.

Schrivers categorized these groups and separated the group that was the most likely to use excessive force. A broad report commissioned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on the causes of misconduct in policing calls it "a simplistic explanation that permits the organization and senior management to blame corruption on individuals and individual faults — behavioural, psychological, background factors, and so on, rather than addressing systemic factors. The use of force by police officers is not kept in check in many jurisdictions by the issuance of a use of force continuum , [] which describes levels of force considered appropriate in direct response to a suspect's behavior. This power is granted by the government, with few if any limits set out in statutory law as well as common law.

Violence used by police can be excessive despite being lawful, especially in the context of political repression. Police brutality is often used to refer to violence used by the police to achieve politically desirable ends terrorism and, therefore, when none should be used at all according to widely held values and cultural norms in the society rather than to refer to excessive violence used where at least some may be considered justifiable. Studies show that there are officers who believe the legal system they serve is failing and that they must pick up the slack. This is known as "vigilantism", where the officer-involved may think the suspect deserves more punishment than what they may have to serve under the court system.

During high-speed pursuits of suspects, officers can become angry and filled with adrenaline, which can affect their judgment when they finally apprehend the suspect. The resulting loss of judgment and heightened emotional state can result in inappropriate use of force. The effect is colloquially known as "high-speed pursuit syndrome. Police brutality is the misuse of power by the police force to intentionally harm individuals.

In , the percentage of people who have confidence in the police hit its lowest since at 52 percent. Individual state statutes and police department policies generally say that police officers are legally allowed to shoot in the instance that they feel the need to protect their lives or an innocent life [ citation needed ] or to prevent the suspect from escaping and posing a dangerous threat to bystanders in society. Garner made it possible to shoot a fleeing suspect only if they may cause harm to innocent people to prevent officers from shooting every suspect that tries to escape. Lorie Fridell, Associate Professor of Criminology at University of South Florida states that "racial profiling was the number one issue facing police [in the s]", which led her to two conclusions: "bias in policing was not just a few officers in a few departments and, overwhelmingly, the police in this country are well-intentioned.

So the black crime implicit bias might be implicated in some of the use of deadly force against African-Americans in our country". A experiment conducted on white undergraduate female students showed that there was a higher degree of fear of racial minorities. The paper concluded that people with a higher fear of racial minorities and dehumanization had "a lower threshold for shooting Black relative to White and East Asian targets".

While the Justice Department reported that Cleveland police officers used "excessive deadly force, including shootings and head strikes with impact weapons; unnecessary, excessive, and retaliatory force, including Tasers, chemical sprays, and their fists" on the victim, there was no real repercussions from their actions. In a report released concerning the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri , the Justice Department admitted to the Ferguson's police department's pattern of racial bias. The department argued that it is typically an effort to ticket as many low-income black residents as possible in an attempt to raise local budget revenue through fines and court fees.

The Justice Department explained police encounters could get downright abusive when the person being questioned by the police officers becomes disrespectful or challenges their authority. The Department of Justice also released a statement that confronted police officers' susceptibility to implicit bias: One of the things they looked at was "threat perception failure", where an officer may believe that the person was armed and it turned out not to be the case.

These failures were observed to occur more frequently when the suspect was black. Data released by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics showed that from to at least 4, people died while being arrested by local police. Of the deaths classified as law enforcement homicides, there were 2, deaths; of those, 1, or According to the police violence tracking website fatalencounters. However, for every million in population, police killed According to the Police Violence Report, 1, people were killed by police, of which in 16 cases police officers were charged with a crime. Sam Sinyangwe, founder of the Mapping Police Violence project, stated in that "black people are three times more likely to be killed by police in the United States than white people.

They automatically investigate any deaths caused by or thought to be caused by, police action. In the United States, more police are wearing body cameras after the death of Michael Brown. The US Department of Justice has made a call to action for police departments across the nation to implement body cameras into their departments so further investigation will be possible. Police brutality is measured based on the accounts of people who have experienced or seen it , as well as the juries who are present for trials involving police brutality cases, as there is no objective method to quantify the use of excessive force for any particular situation.

In addition to this, police brutality may also be filmed by police body cameras , worn by police officers. Whereas body cams could be a tool against police brutality by prevention, and by increasing accountability. However according to Harlan Yu, executive director from Upturn, for this to occur, it needs to be embedded in a broader change in culture and legal framework. In particular, the public's ability to access the body camera footage can be an issue.

In , only one out of five people thought that police brutality was a serious problem. Police brutality is relative to a situation: it depends on if the suspect is resisting. African Americans, women, and younger people are more likely to have negative opinions about the police than Caucasians, men and middle-aged to elderly individuals. Various community groups have criticized police brutality.

These groups often stress the need for oversight by independent civilian review boards and other methods of ensuring accountability for police action. Umbrella organizations and justice committees usually support those affected. Amnesty International is a non-governmental organization focused on human rights with over 3 million members and supporters around the world. The stated objective of the organization is "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated".

Tools used by these groups include video recordings, which are sometimes broadcast using websites such as YouTube. Civilians have begun independent projects to monitor police activity to reduce violence and misconduct. These are often called "Cop Watch" programs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Use of excessive force by a police officer. For other uses, see Excessive force disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page.

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Please improve the article by adding information on neglected viewpoints, or discuss the issue on the talk page. November Police brutality by country India Canada United Kingdom. United States Canada. Main article: List of cases of police brutality. See also: Marikana killings. See also: List of cases of police brutality in India. See also: List of cases of police brutality in Pakistan. Play media. See also: Bronze Night. Main article: protests in Hungary. This section may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Please improve the article or discuss the issue on the talk page. March This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The neutrality of this section is disputed.

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. Main article: List of cases of police brutality in Canada. Main article: Police brutality in the United States. Main category: Police brutality in Brazil. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Journal of African American Studies. ISSN S2CID The Puppet-Show. Chicago Daily Tribune. In Winters, Paul A. Policing the Police. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. ISBN The Guardian. The Economist. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 8 February January Retrieved 1 January Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 1 November The Times of India. Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 29 August Amnesty International.

Retrieved 2 October Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 21 December The shooting happened at pm then was reported to the Paniqui police station at pm. Nearly an hour later, at pm, Nuezca surrendered to the Rosales police station in Pangasinan province. Paniqui police picked up Nuezca and now have him in their custody. Manila Bulletin. The New York Times. The Philippine Star. Retrieved 6 March BBC News. Retrieved 6 July Deutsche Welle.

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Thesis — University of North Carolina. Archived from the original PDF on 3 October Polskie Radio. Safe Communities Portugal. Procuradoria-Geral Distrital de Lisboa. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. PMID Associated Press. The Portugal News. The World Today. JSTOR Estavam a gostar. Parecia o inferno". Strasbourg: Council of Europe. San Diego State University. Archived from the original on 15 April Open Democracy. Russell Sage Foundation. Retrieved 22 June Open Society Foundations. Spain, discrimination based on race, gender and social status". Women's Link Worldwide. The Local. Retrieved 10 June SWI swissinfo. Le Temps in French. Home Office. Independent Police Complaints Commission. Retrieved 19 March The militarisation of the police was introduced in the context of the War on Drugs in the s, which incentivised police officers to arrest people on drug charges.

The Anti-Drug Abuse Act in gave billions to wage the war on drugs and encouraged mandatory minimum sentences for drug offenders, Prof Flowe explains. But instead of going to college campuses where drugs were rife, they targeted black communities. Police forces failed to understand that crime is systematic — if you are born into an impoverished urban centre, which is predominately black, where there are not many jobs, people rely on welfare and children attend poorly funded public schools, then crime can easily be born out of these social conditions.

So how an can police forces change and racial equality be addressed? National police reform is needed and the outlaw of certain practices, Prof Flowe and Dr Davies say. The campaign group — 8cantwait — points to eight policies which they believe will help to reduce killings by police and violence, these include:. Require officers to exhaust all other alternatives before shooting. Require officers to intervene and stop excessive force used by other officers.

Establish a Force Continuum that restricts the most severe types of force to the most extreme situations. Require officers to report each time they use force or threaten to use force against civilians.

Since then, tens of thousands of people across Police Brutality In The Black Community country have taken Police Brutality In The Black Community the streets to Police Brutality In The Black Community police brutality of Blacks by The Role Of Note-Taking In The Mirror Of Literature white officers. The police department and city Police Brutality In The Black Community reforms, including equipping officers with body cameras. Their rights have not been fully restored yet.

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