✯✯✯ Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls
Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls Guardian. When in he finally became successful Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls Subliminal Perception Essay runaway best-seller The Good Companions, the world slump Mid Term Break And Funeral Blues Analysis Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls way, and Priestley used Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls freedom which his fame and most powerful greek goddess gave him Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls turn his hand to social criticism, in popular journalism, in novels like Wonder Hero, and in English Journeyhis masterful and still woefully underrated dissection of the conflicts and contradictions of s Britain. BBC iPlayer. Themes Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls Themes. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. He seems to be familiar with every detail of the case already, interrogating the flag poem analysis solely to reveal their guilt rather than to discover unknown information. The mysterious "Inspector Goole" claims to have seen Eva Smith's dead body earlier that day, Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls to have been given "a duty" to investigate her death and the Birlings' Summary Of J. B. Priestleys An Inspector Calls in it. Yorkshire, England: University of Bradford.
An Inspector Calls: Context And Background
Eric then enters, and after brief questioning from Goole, breaks down and admits responsibility for the pregnancy, having forced himself on Eva after a drinking spree at the Palace Bar. He took funds from his father's business in order to support her and the child, but she refused the stolen money. Unlike the others, he seems to show actual remorse for his actions.
Arthur and Sybil are outraged by Eric's actions, and the evening dissolves into angry recriminations. Goole's questioning reveals that each member of the family had contributed to Eva's despondency and suicide. He reminds the Birlings that actions have consequences and that all people are intertwined in one society. As Goole leaves he warns that "If men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish" — an allusion to the impending war. Gerald returns, telling the family that there may be no "Inspector Goole" on the police force. Arthur makes a call to the chief constable, who confirms this.
Learning from a second call to the infirmary that no recent cases of suicide have been reported, the family surmise that the Inspector was a fraud and that his story was fictitious. Gerald and the elder Birlings celebrate, but the younger Birlings still realise the error of their ways, and promise to change. The play ends with a telephone call, taken by Arthur, who reports that a young woman has died in a suspected suicide, and that the police are on their way to question them. Goole's true identity is left unexplained, but it is clear that the family's confessions over the course of the evening have all been true, and that public disgrace will soon befall them.
The mysterious "Inspector Goole" claims to have seen Eva Smith's dead body earlier that day, and to have been given "a duty" to investigate her death and the Birlings' involvement in it. He seems to be familiar with every detail of the case already, interrogating the family solely to reveal their guilt rather than to discover unknown information. Both during and after Goole's visit, the Birlings question his credentials, and a phone call to the local police station reveals there is no one by his name on the force.
Many critics and audiences have interpreted Goole's role as that of an "avenging angel" because of his supernatural omniscience and all-knowing final warning, and even because of his name, which is a homophone for the word " ghoul ". It is suggested in the final scene that a quite real investigation will follow Goole's, and his purpose has been to warn the family in advance and encourage them to accept responsibility for their wrongdoing. Arthur Birling is described as "a heavy-looking, rather silly goose really of a portentous man in his middle fifties". He represents the capitalist ruling class, repeatedly describing himself with pride as a "hard-headed businessman", and is arguably the main subject of Priestley's social critique.
Dominant, arrogant, self-centred, and morally blind, his stubbornness is shown when refusing responsibility for Eva's death; he fired her in order to quell dissent among his workforce and keep labour costs low, which he says is standard business practice. He remains unaffected by the details of the suicide, and his own concerns appear to be avoiding scandal, insisting that Eric account for the company money he stole, and convincing Sheila to reconsider her break with Gerald so as to secure a promised Croft-Birling merger. He is the embodiment of the self-centred upper classes. Arthur Birling is an arrogant and dismissive character used by Priestley as a dramatic vehicle to criticise capitalism, the arrogance of the upper classes, and the ignorance of the elder generations.
Sybil Birling, "a rather cold woman" of about fifty, is Arthur's wife. As the leader of a charitable organisation, she assumes a social and moral superiority over Inspector Goole, whose questioning style she frequently refers to as "impertinent" and "offensive". Like her husband, she refuses to accept responsibility for the death of Eva Smith, and seems more concerned with maintaining the family's reputation, even going so far as to lie and deny that she recognizes the girl's picture. She derides women like Eva as immoral, dishonest, and greedy. Sheila begins as a naive and self-centred young woman, but becomes the most sympathetic member of the Birling family over the course of the play, showing remorse for her part in Eva's downfall and encouraging her family to do the same.
By the play's end her social conscience has been awakened and she has a new awareness of her responsibilities to others. She represents the younger generation's break from the selfish behaviour and capitalist views of its forebears. Eric is presented as a "Jack-the-Lad" character with a drinking habit, which led to his raping Eva and getting her pregnant. He is distanced from the rest of the family and feels he cannot talk to them about his problems.
With his sister, he repents of, and accepts responsibility for, the way he treated Eva. Gerald's revealed affair with Eva puts an end to the relationship, though Sheila commends him for his truthfulness and for his initial compassion towards the girl. Gerald believes that Goole is not a police inspector, that the family may not all be referring to the same woman, and that there may not be a body. Initially, he appears to be correct and does not think the Birlings have anything to feel ashamed of or worry about.
He seems excited at the prospect of unmasking the "false" Inspector and seems almost desperate for others to believe him. Edna is the Birling's maid. She represents a working-class member of the Birling household. When the inspector visits the Birling's house she says "an Inspector's called. Highly successful after its first and subsequent London productions, the play is now considered one of Priestley's greatest works, and has been subject to a variety of critical interpretations. After the new wave of social realist theatre in the s and s, the play fell out of fashion, and was dismissed as an example of outdated bourgeois "drawing room" dramas , but became a staple of regional repertory theatre.
Following several successful revivals including Stephen Daldry 's production for the National Theatre , the play was "rediscovered" and hailed as a damning social criticism of capitalism and middle-class hypocrisy in the manner of the social realist dramas of Shaw and Ibsen. It has been read as a parable about the destruction of Victorian social values and the disintegration of pre-World War I English society, and Goole's final speech has been interpreted variously as a quasi-Christian vision of hell and judgement, and as a socialist manifesto. The struggle between the embattled patriarch Arthur Birling and Inspector Goole has been interpreted by many critics as a symbolic confrontation between capitalism and socialism, and arguably demonstrates Priestley's socialist political criticism of the perceived-selfishness and moral hypocrisy of middle-class capitalist society in s Britain.
The play also arguably acts as a critique of Victorian-era notions of middle-class philanthropy towards the poor, which is based on presumptions of the charity-givers' social superiority and severe moral judgement towards the "deserving poor". The romantic idea of gentlemanly chivalry towards "fallen women" is also debunked as being based on male lust and sexual exploitation of the weak by the powerful.
In Goole's final speech, Eva Smith is referred to as a representation of millions of other vulnerable working-class people, and can be read as a call to action for English society to take more responsibility for working-class people, prefiguring the development of the post-World War II welfare state. The first Broadway production opened at the Booth Theatre on 21 October and ran until 10 January The production was staged by Cedric Hardwicke.
The play was produced and performed at the Ferdowsi Theatre in Iran in late s based on the translation by Bozorg Alavi. Daldry's concept was to reference two eras: the post-war era, when the play was written, and the ostensible historical setting for the work in pre-war ; this emphasised the way the character Goole was observing, and deploring, the Birling family's behaviour from Priestley's own cultural viewpoint. The production is often credited with single-handedly rediscovering Priestley's works and "rescuing" him from the reputation of being obsolete and class-bound, although the production had some detractors, including Sheridan Morley  who regarded it as a gimmicky travesty of the author's patent intentions.
The success of the production since has led to a critical reappraisal of Priestley as a politically engaged playwright who offered a sustained critique of the hypocrisy of English society. Another production opened on 25 October at the Garrick Theatre and ran for six years until its transfer to the Playhouse Theatre in In it reopened at the Novello Theatre for a year-long run, followed by another transfer to Wyndham's Theatre in December , running for only four months.
The screenplay was adapted by Desmond Davis and directed by Guy Hamilton. The film went on to be a huge commercial hit at and is generally regarded as one of the era's best Bengali films. This film, along with the same literary material, was remade in in to a film of the same name having a ensemble cast of Shrabonti Malakar , Alakananda Ray , Rudranil Ghosh , Parambrata Chattopadhyay , Dulal Lahiri with Sabyasachi Chakraborty as the investigating officer and Paoli Dam as the deceased girl.
A Hindi film based on the same play, Sau Jhooth Ek Sach One hundred lies, one truth starred Mammootty as the Inspector and was also a critical success a remake was however panned. A Hong Kong film reinterpreted the story as a black comedy, adding slapstick elements. In , a film adaptation directed by Jason Farries and Leona Clarke was released. The first television version was shown live on BBC Television on 4 May , with a second live performance three days later.
Since it was broadcast live before the method of telerecording was utilised by the BBC, it was never preserved and is thought to be lost. It was repeated on primetime BBC1 in three episodes between 17 and 31 August , and as a single minute version on 2 September The production was directed by Rosalyn Ward. The production was directed by Jeremy Mortimer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A policeman calls on the family, his name Inspector Goole. The Inspector starts by questioning Mr. Birling refuses to accept responsibility. The Inspector turns to Sheila Mr. She got Eva sacked from her next job at a department store, as she was jealous of her looks. It seems Daisy was in love with him. Gerald goes for a walk to clear his head, and the Inspector shows the photo to Mrs. Birling, who denies knowing the girl. Birling managed at the time. Birling thought her insulting and dishonest, and so refused her aid.
Eva was pregnant and unsupported by the father, and Mrs. Birling blames the father for her misfortune, stating that he should have been forced to marry her. It turns out that the father is Eric. Birling are disgusted with Eric. The Inspector delivers his final speech — saying how we should all be responsible for each other — and leaves The family begins to consider the event, the older characters question what happened. The older Birlings are relieved, but the younger ones still question their actions. The telephone rings, Mr.