⒈ Inflamed Appendix

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Inflamed Appendix

Normal location of Inflamed Appendix appendix relative to other organs of the digestive Inflamed Appendix frontal view. Charles Darwin suggested that the appendix was mainly used by earlier hominids for digesting fibrous vegetation, Misunderstandings About Bilingualism evolved to Inflamed Appendix on a new purpose Inflamed Appendix time. Inflamed Appendix pocket of How Does Shakespeare Make Macbeths Decisions that forms Inflamed Appendix the abdomen. Sphincters Inflamed Appendix lower glands. January 15, Monitor the health of your community here. Surgery Inflamed Appendix the preferred treatment for appendicitis.

Ultrasound Tutorial: Appendix/Appendicitis - Radiology Nation

According to the so-called "safe house" theory, the appendix protects a collection of beneficial gut bacteria when certain diseases wipe them out from elsewhere in the GI tract. Once the immune system has rid the body of the infection, the bacteria emerge from the appendix biofilm and recolonize the gut. Researchers have recently found that numerous animals, including great apes, other primates, opossums, wombats, rabbits, and certain rodents all have structures similar to the appendix. Sometimes, the appendix can become inflamed and infected, resulting in a condition called appendicitis. Appendicitis is often the result of an abdominal infection that has spread to the tiny organ, or some kind of obstruction that has blocked the small opening of the appendix.

Sources of blockage include, among other things:. The infection or obstruction causes the bacteria in the appendix to grow out of control, and the organ can fill with pus and swell. Appendicitis causes intense abdominal pain and other GI symptoms, including vomiting and diarrhea. Removal of the appendix an appendectomy is often the necessary course of action, though increasingly, antibiotics may be recommended and used to treat the infection without the need for surgical intervention — depending on the severity of the case and other health factors in the individual patient. If the problem is left untreated, the pressure in the organ will increase until the appendix ruptures , or bursts. When the appendix bursts, it spreads its content throughout the abdomen, potentially infecting the peritoneum, which is the silk-like membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.

A peritoneum infection, called peritonitis , can then lead to sepsis , a complication that's potentially deadly if not treated aggressively. By subscribing you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Health Topics. Health Tools. Reviewed: May 30, Medically Reviewed. The role of the appendix has long been something of a mystery, but some experts now believe they've discovered its function. The 'Safe House' Theory of the Appendix Some scientists now believe the appendix is not useless after all, and may help our guts recover after a gastrointestinal disease strikes. Sources of blockage include, among other things: Hard pieces of stool Parasites or intestinal worms Ingested objects, including air gun pellets and pins Abdominal trauma GI tract ulcers Enlarged appendix lymphatic tissue The infection or obstruction causes the bacteria in the appendix to grow out of control, and the organ can fill with pus and swell.

Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking. Appendix Anatomy. Encyclopaedia Brittanica. December April 30, Appendix Evolved More Than 30 Times. February 12, Journal of Theoretical Biology. This larger cecum would have been used by vegetarian ancestors to digest cellulose from plants. Supporters of this hypothesis therefore conclude that the appendix no longer serves any purpose for us.

Another hypothesis suggests that the appendix acts as a storage area for beneficial bacteria during times of illness. Beneficial bacteria living in the appendix could survive being flushed out of the large intestine by diarrhea. The appendix would therefore help a person to recover more rapidly from illness by enabling the bacteria to re-colonize the intestines after the illness has passed. Doctors typically remove an appendix if it becomes inflamed, and even a healthy appendix may be removed during abdominal surgeries such as a hysterectomy. Often one of the first signs of appendicitis is pain and tenderness near the navel, often growing sharper and spreading downward into the lower right abdomen.

The pain can grow quite severe over the course of a few hours, so much so that it may be impossible to get comfortable or to move without pain. Additional common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, fever and others. Tenderness and growing pain in the right abdomen that is noticeable enough to cause considerable discomfort during movement or at rest warrants medical attention in order to reach a diagnosis and receive any necessary treatment.

Untreated appendicitis can lead to the rupture of the appendix, a serious medical emergency wherein fecal matter leaks out of the cecum.

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